Cambridge University Press
9780521820967 - The Cambridge Dictionary of Christianity - Edited by Daniel Patte

The Cambridge Dictionary of Christianity

The Cambridge Dictionary of Christianity is an authoritative reference guide that enables students, their teachers, Christian clergy, and general readers alike to reflect critically upon all aspects of Christianity from its origins to the present day. Written by a team of 828 scholars and practitioners from around the world, the volume reflects the plurality of Christianity throughout its history.

Key features of The Cambridge Dictionary of Christianity:

Daniel Patte is Professor of Religious Studies and Professor of New Testament and Early Christianity at Vanderbilt University.

The Cambridge Dictionary of Christianity

Edited by

Daniel Patte

Vanderbilt University

Cambridge, New York, Melbourne, Madrid, Cape Town, Singapore, São Paulo, Delhi, Dubai, Tokyo, Mexico City

Cambridge University Press
32 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10013-2473, USA
Information on this title:

© Cambridge University Press 2010

This publication is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place without the written permission of Cambridge University Press.

First published 2010

Printed in the United States of America

A catalog record for this publication is available from the British Library.

Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication data

The Cambridge dictionary of Christianity / edited by Daniel Patte.
p. cm.
ISBN 978-0-521-82096-7 (hardback) – ISBN 978-0-521-52785-9 (pbk.)
1. Christianity – Dictionaries. I. Patte, Daniel. II. Title: Dictionary of Christianity.
BR95.C24 2010
230.003 – dc22 2009019272

ISBN 978-0-521-82096-7 Hardback
ISBN 978-0-521-52785-9 Paperback

Additional resources for this publication at

Cambridge University Press has no responsibility for the persistence or accuracy of URLs for external or third-party Internet Web sites referred to in this publication and does not guarantee that any content on such Web sites is, or will remain, accurate or appropriate.


DictionaryFor a comprehensive bibliography, see
Editorial Board
Area Editors and Advisors
Preface by Daniel Patte

Editorial Board

Ana María Bidegain

CEHILA; Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá; Florida International University, Miami, USA

Enrique Dussel

CEHILA; Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Mexico

Cristina Grenholm

Director of Theology and Ecumenical Relations, Church of Sweden; Karlstad University, Sweden

Beverly W. Harrison

Union Theological Seminary, New York, USA

Kwok Pui-lan

Episcopal Divinity School, Boston, USA

Archie Chi Chung Lee

Chung Chi College, Chinese University of Hong Kong, China

Kathleen E. McVey

Princeton Theological Seminary, USA

Vasile Mihoc

Facultatea de Teologie “Andrei Saguna,” Sibiu University, Romania

Jesse Ndwiga Kanyua Mugambi

University of Nairobi, Kenya

Isabel Apawo Phiri

University of KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa

Eugene TeSelle

Vanderbilt University, Nashville, USA

Area Editors and Advisors

Jean-Noël Aletti, SJ

Pontifical Biblical Institute, Rome, Italy: Roman Catholicism

Ian Breward

University of Melbourne, Australia: Australasia; Australia and South Pacific

James P. Byrd

Vanderbilt University, USA: North America, History

Noriel Capulong

Silliman University, Philippines: Philippines

Elizabeth A. Clark

Duke University, USA: Women in the History of Christian Thought

Valentin Dedji

St. Mark's Methodist Church, London, UK: Western Africa (Francophone)

Beatriz de Vasconcellos Dias

Comissão de Estudos de História da Igreja na América Latina e no Caribe (CEHILA), Brasil: Brazil

Ramathate T. H. Dolamo

UNISA, Pretoria, South Africa: Southern Africa

Noel Leo Erskine

Emory University, USA: Caribbean Islands, Ethics, and Theology

George Thomas Kurian

Reference Books, New York, USA: Statistics (Christians in each nation)

Armando Lampe

Comisión de Estudios de Historia de la Iglesia en Latinoamérica (CEHILA), Universidad de Quintana Roo, Mexico: Caribbean Islands, History

Marjorie Lewis

United Theological College of the West Indies; former General Secretary of the Jamaica Council of Churches (area editor following the untimely death of Lewin Williams): Jamaica and Jamaican Theology

Frank D. Macchia

Vanguard University, USA: Charismatic Movement and Pentecostalism

Fortunato Mallimaci

Centro de Estudios e Investigaciones Laborales, Argentina: Southern Latin America

Bonnie J. Miller-McLemore

Vanderbilt University, USA: Family and Children; Pastoral Theology

Nektarios Morrow

Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America: Eastern Orthodoxy

Gerald O'Collins, SJ

The Pontifical Gregorian University, Italy: Roman Catholicism

Muriel Orevillo-Montenegro

Silliman University, Philippines: Philippines and Women in Asia

Peter Paris

Princeton Theological Seminary, USA: Poverty; Racism

Keith F. Pecklers, SJ

Pontifical Gregorian University, Italy: Roman Catholic Liturgy

Bishop Yeznik Petrossian

Holy See of Etchmiadzin, Armenia: Oriental Orthodoxy; Non-Chalcedonian Churches

María Alicia Puente Lutteroth

Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos, Mexico; Comisión de Estudios de Historia de la Iglesia en Latinoamérica (CEHILA), Mexico: Mexico

Fernando F. Segovia

Vanderbilt University, USA: Latino/a Christianity and Theology

Karel Steenbrink

Utrecht University, Netherlands: Islam and Christianity

Elsa Tamez

Universidad Bíblica Latinoamericana, Costa Rica; United Bible Societies, Colombia: Central America and Latin American Theology

Archbishop Demetrios [Trakatellis]

Archbishop of America, Primate of the Greek (Eastern) Orthodox Church in America, USA: Eastern Orthodoxy

Justin Ukpong

Veritas University Abuja, Nigeria: Western Africa (Anglophone)

Andrew Walls

Centre for the Study of Christianity in the Non-Western World, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, and Akrofi Christaller Memorial Centre, Ghana: Mission

Patricia A. Ward

Vanderbilt University, USA: Literature, the Bible, and Christianity

Paul Zamora

Greek Orthodox, Archdiocese of America, USA: Eastern Orthodoxy

© Cambridge University Press